Bloomington

Type of Community (Metropolitan Council Designation):
Developed
1995 Population:
86,912
2005 Population:
84,347
2020 Forecast Population:
90,500
Progress Towards LUPA & LCA Affordable Housing Goals*, 2011-2020

New Units Produced (2011)

0

LUPA Goal

961

LCA Goal

625

% Progress Towards LCA Goal

0.0%
Source: Metropolitan Council.

*Although new affordable housing goals under LUPA (Comp Plan) and LCA (Livable Communities eligibility) cover the same time period for the same kind of units, the Met Council established generally different goals for cities. For most cities, the LCA goal is set at 65% of the LUPA goal. Some larger cities or those with access to more resource have LCA goals closer to or equal to LUPA goals. Unlike pre-2010 goals, the 2011-2020 goals do not create separate sub-goals for rental and ownership housing units. More information.
Progress Toward LCA Affordable Housing Goals Through 2010
 
Owner
Rental
Total

New Units Produced

304
223
527

2010 LCA Goals

931
199
1,130

% Progress Towards 2010 Goals

32.7%
112.1%
46.6%
Source: Metropolitan Council.

Metropolitan Council Housing Performance Score
Out of 100 (100 = highest)

2012: 83
2011: 87

2010 Housing Performance Scores (PDF - 45 KB)
All Metro Communities

2009 Housing Performance Scores (PDF - 27 KB)
All Metro Communities

2008 Housing Performance Scores (PDF - 138 KB)
All Metro Communities

Housing Affordability in 2000
Affordable Units Available
Owner
Rental
Total

Units affordable at 50% or less of Regional Family Median Income

2,044
3,555
5,599

Total Housing Units

25,690
10,668
36,358

% Affordable

8.0%
33.3%
15.4%
Low Income Households In Need
Owner
Rental
Total

Households at 50% or less of Regional Median Family Income with Housing Problems

1,540
2,699
4,239

Total Households at 50% or less of Regional Family Median Income

2,769
3,442
6,211

% with Problems

55.6%
78.4%
68.2%
Source: United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, Consolidated Plan/CHAS, 2000.

Note: The median family income for the Twin Cities was $65,800 in 2000 (or $32,900 at 50% of median).

Housing affordability numbers are adjusted by family size. Housing affordability matches the number of persons in a family to units with different numbers of bedrooms (e.g. a 4-person family is matched to 2 bedroom units). Income limits to affordable housing costs are also adjusted higher for larger families (greater than 4 people) and lower for smaller families (less than 4 people).

Housing problems are defined as household cost burden greater than 30% of income and/or overcrowding (more than 1 person per room) and/or without complete kitchen and plumbing facilities.

An interview was conducted with an official from Bloomington's planning or community development department in Spring of 2006, shortly after the Metropolitan Council's calculations for affordable housing need numbers were made public. A summary of key issues addressed in the interview is below:

According to the Met Council's recent report on "Determining Affordable Housing Need in the Twin Cites," Bloomington's affordable housing need number is 627 units for 2010-2020. Our source felt that these goals were high but feasible. Our source identified the following problems and obstacles to meeting these goals: lack of available land and loss of eminent domain authority. The new affordable housing goals do not make a distinction between affordable rental and affordable for-sale housing, and our source felt that more rental housing may result. Our source was not sure whether the new goals are higher or lower than Bloomington's LCA goals. Bloomington does plan to use the need number established in the Met Council's report as the affordable housing target in its comprehensive plan update.

Actions

Bloomington does keep a database tracking the supply of low- and moderate-income housing. It has used the following programs to develop and facilitate the development of affordable housing: preservation of existing affordable housing, eminent domain, CDBG and HOME funds, Met Council funds, TIF, housing revenue bonds, HRA levy, Section 8 vouchers, and LIHTC. We also asked our source about Bloomington's use of some specific policies and programs. The results are summarized below:

Tools

Have Used?
Effectiveness
Will Use

PUD with smaller lots or density bonus

Often
 
 

Zoning variances for low-mod housing

No
 
 

Density bonuses

No
 
 

Expedited zoning & approval for low-mod

No
 
 

Adjusted fees for low-mod housing

No
 
 

Adjusted lot sizes for low-mod housing

No
 
 

Allow accessory apartments

No
 
 

Set asides for low-moderate housing (i.e., inclusionary zoning)

No
 
 

Low Income Housing Tax Credits

No
 
 

Local tax abatement for low-mod housing

No
 
 

Incentives for new construction technologies

No
 
 

Manufactured homes

No
 
 

Tax Increment Financing (TIF)

Often
 
 

Mortgage Revenue bonds

No
 
 

Others

No
 
 

Bloomington has not solicited proposals from the local HRA or other developers for building low- and moderate-income housing. It has acted as a proposer or developer of low- and moderate-income housing. Our source indicated that Bloomington has transit-oriented development opportunities, which make a positive difference in its ability to produce more affordable housing. Our source felt that with additional funding, Bloomington could accomplish its affordable housing goals.

Obstacles and Challenges

Our source did not identify any specific aspects of zoning ordinances, permitting processes, or other requirements that discourage or prevent adding to the supply of low-and moderate income housing. We also asked our source about some specific local practices and if they limit the development of low- and moderate-income housing, but time did not allow for a full discussion of these items.

Our source was not sure of how much undeveloped land in Bloomington is zoned residential and allows ten or more units per acre. Our source felt that in order to meet its affordable housing goals, Bloomington needs to leverage the role of strategic investments in bringing private capital to the table.

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Survey Summary Page
Learn more about the Survey and the cities involved.
What is the difference between current and future metro area affordable housing goals?
Explanation of the differences between the current affordable housing goals for cities (for 1995-2010) based on the Livable Communities Act, and the goals for the coming decade of 2011-2020.
PDF - 10 KB
Met Council LCA Progress Report
Source for City Snapshot information related to LCA Affordable Housing Goals.
PDF - 1.7 MB
HUD/CHAS Dataset
For a detailed analysis by HUD of housing needs in this community, follow this link. Then, select Minnesota and Submit. You then have the choice of viewing data for "all households" or for various racial/ethnic groups. Make the selection and Submit. Select either "County" or "Census Place" and Submit.
City Data
More information is available at Dataplace.org.
City Website
Visit the city's website to identify the key city staff and how to contact them.

Housing Justice Center Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs Institute on Race & Poverty The McKnight Foundation
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